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Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, creates joint pain and reduced motion. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones deteriorates over time. 

“Osteoarthritis symptoms usually develop slowly and worsen over time,” says Paul Sasaura, M.D., an orthopedic surgeon with Sutter Independent Physicians. 

Signs that you may be experiencing osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain in the joint during or after movement
  • Joint tenderness when light pressure is applied
  • Joint stiffness upon awakening or after being inactive for a period of time
  • Loss of flexibility due to decreased range of motion
  • A grating sensation when moving the joint

Dr. Sasaura says when the cartilage wears away, the bones under the cartilage begin to rub together causing pain, swelling and loss of motion. 

Are you at risk for osteoarthritis? Below are factors that increase your risk:

  • Old age increases the chances for osteoarthritis
  • Joint injuries from an accident or from playing sports increase the risk
  • Being overweight which puts additional stress on weight bearing joints
  • Certain diseases, such as diabetes, underactive thyroid, gout or Paget’s bone disease can add to the risk

While there’s no known cure for osteoarthritis, there are medical and surgical treatments to help reduce pain and provide more joint flexibility. Learn more about this disorder at a free educational lecture, “Living with Arthritis? It’s Time to Take Charge,” to be held on Saturday, April 27, 9 – 11 a.m., at Sutter Roseville Medical Center, featuring Dr. Paul Sasaura, orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Anupama Bhat, rheumatologist, and Nancy Kemp, occupational therapist.

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